After finishing X class, most of us would have experienced a puzzling state whether to opt M.P.C (Maths, Physics, and Chemistry) or Bi.P.C (Biology, Physics, and Chemistry) in 10+2 (Intermediate)…? (Of course, certain boards offers M.Bi.P.C also!!).
Here, I would like to stress about the career opportunities for the students who opt Biology as a career in 10+2. During Intermediate many of the students aim for medical entrance to become a doctor (Now, students has to appear for national wide entrance exam-NEET which is highly competitive to get an admission in graduate medical courses!!). If one is succeeded in that struggle to get an admission for graduate medical courses, it’s really cool!! After completing MBBS/BDS, they can further pursue MS in particular specialization depending on their interest and later, can serve as doctors to the society.
If students fail to get admission for Medicine, They can still go for BVSc., (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences) and Ag BSc., (Agricultural BSc.,) which are good courses and offers you a good job.
Students who pursue bachelor degree and further a master degree in Biology (Basic Biology or applied biology, B.Pharma or M.Pharma) can go to Pharma industry (Ex: Dr.Reddy Labs, Arabindo etc.,) or Biotech based companies (Ex: Biocon, Biological E, Santha Biotech etc.,). But, they must remember that the initial salaries will be very minimal for fresher’s. (On an average they offer Rs.10, 000 to 12000).
Students who are passionate to pursue higher studies after M.Sc. can think of Ph.D. Because PhD is a wonderful opportunity in which one carries research to address an unknown challenging biological question or one can make a breathtaking discovery which can change the world or one can develop a new method or a drug for particular diseases.
Now, the world is drastically affected by the industrial revolution and mainly by anthropogenic activities. Now human race is suffering from various diseases and disorders never before. 30 years back cancer is a rare word we used to hear per se and the death of people due to cancer incidences was very minimum. Nowadays, Cancer became one of the major cause of the deaths around the world. Now we are facing the severe water scarcity never before. The problems list is never-ending… We can find out a solution to several problems like mentioned above by performing active research.
Usually, Ph.D. is a long-term program which takes on an average 5-6 years depending on the institute, guide and the topic of the research. Once, Ph.D. is accomplished, one can become an assistant professor in central universities or state universities and continue as academics or one can become a scientist in research institutes all over India (Ex: IISERS, CSIR research institutes, ICMR research institutes, DBT research institutes etc.,). One can carry further great research in world-class Institutes or Universities like MIT or Cambridge as a post-doctoral fellow. Working in industries as a scientist in R&D is also a good option for a Ph.D. if one is interested. If a researcher is very innovative, he can think of a start-up also.
Overall, Biology is a field with full of opportunities. But one should have the patience to catch hold of them. Career settlement may take a long time.