Types of GD | Group Discussion Types and Topics

Types of Group Discussion

One would think Group Discussion subjects are just random topics. Not so! All the topics can be classified into various categories.

Classification based on the type of information given to participants:

  • Topic-based Group Discussions
  • Case-based group discussions
  • Article-based group discussions

1. Topic-based group discussions:

In topic-based group discussions, the group members are given a topic to discuss. A topic is typically in the form of a statement. Some times, the statement may not be complete.

For example, the topic could be worded “The biggest problem faced by our country is?” By the end of the discussion, the group should strive to arrive at a consensus on the issue that is covered by the topic.

2. Case-based group discussion:

In case studies, a short description of a situation is given to all the participants. The case will typically be a problematic situation that requires a solution.

The participants have to study the case, analyze the problem and then discuss various situations to the problem.

3. Article-based group discussions

Article-based GDs cover a wide range of topics like current affairs, politics, economics, technology, etc.

The participants are given 4-5 minutes to read an article and are then asked to hold a regular group discussion for 10-15 minutes on the contents of the article.

Read our other posts on Group Discussions here:

Classification based on the preparation required:

  • Knowledge-based topics
  • Opinion- based topics

1. Knowledge-based topics

Knowledge-based topics require you to have some general knowledge. An example is “Should India withdraw from WTO?” Here, unless you know something about WTO and what India’s current policy on WTO is, you will not be able to speak effectively.

Some of the important subjects to ace knowledge-based topics are:

a. Topics on Economics for Group Discussion:

Be thorough with facts and figures about the national economy. You should be familiar with critical economic indicators such as GDP, the plan outlay, sectoral allocations from the budget, trade and fiscal balances, export and import items and values, banking concepts and interest rates, stock indices, etc.

b. Group Discussion on Social topics:

When you are discussing social topics, you should be clear about both the ‘generic’ nature of the topics and the specific ‘manifestations of the social issue under question.

Eg: “Dowry continues to haunt Indian brides”, “Education should become a fundamental right”

c. Political topics for GD:

Topics with politics as the basic content frequently feature in group discussions. These topics can easily drag the not-very-careful participant into a trap of making emotional expressions.

Eg: “Coalition on politics in a poor country like India is a drain on the national economy”, “Plans to attract foreign investment”

d. Group Discussion topics on Sport, Films, and Entertainment:

Topics concerning films or sports are also common in GDs. Recent tournaments, the world cup or the Olympics games can be the subject matter for a number of GD topics.

Eg: “Should India announce a sports holiday?” ”Is Cricket like opium to Indian masses?

e. IT-based Group Discussion topics:

In this era of information technology, it is natural for topics based on IT to feature prominently amongst the list of topics for discussion.

Eg: “The BPO bubble will also burst the way the dot-com bubble did”

2. Non-knowledge based Group Discussion topics:

Common sense is sufficient to do a good job of discussing these topics. There are two types within this category: Concrete topics and Abstract topics.

a. Concrete GD topics:
Concrete topics are those about which there can be clear-cut interpretations among the participants. There will hardly be any scope for varied interpretations, unlike in case of abstract topic.

Eg: “Are Love marriage better than arranged marriages?”, “Girls make better students than boys.”

b. Abstract GD topics:

Abstract topics are those where the interpretation of the statement itself can vary from person to person.

Eg: “The farther we look the closer we are” “99.9% is pointless”

These are different types of Group Discussion Topics. You can be an HR Manager or an English lecturer or a BBA student looking for topics to conduct a class event or just a regular person who likes to read really detailed articles. Whoever you are, we are glad you read this.

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